Brazil is the largest coffee producer in the world (Minas Gerais alone produces more than any country), so why not take advantage of our fertile lands and mild climate to discover all the coffee varieties that exist? It is a big challenge, since they are not few, but it is also a mouth-watering one!
How about knowing a little more about this vastness of possibilities? Read on and set aside your favorite cup while boiling the water!
Legend has it that in Ethiopia coffee was discovered by a shepherd who noticed changes in the behavior of his goats after feeding on the fruits of a mysterious, spontaneous growing bush. Over time, the fame of the properties of this new plant spread throughout the world and it came to be considered sacred by the monks who took advantage of its power to spend the night in vigil.
Coffee arrived in Europe in 1615 called “Arab wine”, originated from the word “Qahwa”. During the expansion of the Ottoman Empire, European travelers were enchanted by the drink, but could not even think of taking green beans to their lands. Arab protection was such that foreigners could not even approach the plantations!
In 1616, however, the Dutch managed to take seedlings from Mocka to Amsterdam and grow them in greenhouses. Then the practice of roasting and grinding coffee was also spreading across Europe and several coffee shops were opened, in line with the Scientific Revolution and the emergence of the Baroque. It was the Age of Reason – a time of cultural, political, sociological change – and coffee went with it all!
Each country improved its consumption and cultivation a little more until, in the 18th century, it arrived in Brazil. The first seedling came in 1727, at the hands of the Portuguese Francisco de Melo Palheta, who went to French Guiana especially to get this order. The first harvests, in the North and Northeast of Brazil, were very remote but, a few decades later, Coffea Arabica started to be cultivated in Rio de Janeiro. And, as the international price of bags of coffee rose, production spread to the rest of the Southeastern region. It prospered, first in the Paraíba Valley and, later, in Minas Gerais – which today is the largest coffee producer in the world.
Thus, the Arabica species today is the most cultivated in Brazilian lands, representing about 76.4% of national production, while Café Robusta is responsible for 23.6%.
A large part of our coffee comes from the Cerrado Mineiro Region, a Denomination of Origin used by around 4,500 producers spread over 55 municipalities in the Brazilian state of Minas Gerais, which are distinguished by producing a differentiated coffee in their drink, with unique characteristics thanks to a combination of climate, soil, relief and altitude found in the region that comprises 210 thousand hectares of production area.
As it is a region whose producers, because they perceive the importance of the special characteristics of coffee grown in this area, are concerned with improving the image of Brazilian coffee, which for some decades suffered an impact because of the greater concern with quantity before quality, that’s where we get our coffee.
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